Saving Seed

Can I save and plant Roundup Ready® soybean seed from my harvest?

Now that the last U.S. patent on the Roundup Ready® soybean trait has expired, there are changes to what kind of seeds U.S. farmers can legally save and plant. But because patent law is complicated, figuring out which seeds can be legally saved and planted is complicated, too. We've created a decision tree to help navigate this question — just click on the below box to view it. Need more information? Your seed supplier is another resource for information about a specific seed variety.

View the decision tree

Even if you can legally save and plant a Roundup Ready® soybean variety, it may not make economic sense to do so. A lot of variables go into determining whether it makes sense for you to save and plant seed, or buy new seed. In many cases and for most farms, saving seed may not be the most profitable option.

Lost Income Opportunity

  • Every bushel of saved seed you plant is a bushel you're not selling as commodity grain.

Added Operational Costs

  • Saved seed must be cleaned before planting, which is an added expense.
  • Treating your seed will add costs — both the cost of the treatment and the application of that treatment in accordance with regulatory and legal obligations.

Yield Loss

  • Storing seeds under the precise conditions that maximize yield potential can be expensive. Seeds that haven't been stored in these precise conditions are unlikely to perform as well as seed of the same variety that you purchased from a seed company that uses quality control standards for storage. The difference can be several bushels per acre.
  • Newer technologies, such as Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans, have been developed for higher yield opportunity.

Can I legally save seed in the U.S.?

Does the seed contain the original Roundup Ready® soybean trait or the newer, higher-yielding trait technologies of Roundup Ready 2 Yield® soybeans or Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans?

Roundup Ready 2 Yield Soybeans Logo
Roundup Ready 2 Extend Soybeans Logo
Roundup Soybeans Logo

Cannot be saved and planted.

Cannot be saved and planted.

You may be able to save and plant these soybeans. However, if a variety containing the original Roundup Ready® soybean trait is still covered by other intellectual property rights, you may not be able to save and plant the seed from that variety without a license giving you that added right. It is important that you check with your seed supplier to find out if the variety is covered by any other intellectually property rights, and if so, the policy for saving seed of that specific variety.

Check with your seed supplier to find out if the seed is covered by any intellectual property rights. If so, then you may need a license from the rights owner to save and plant seed of that variety.